New Legislation Regarding the Restoration of Felons’ Gun Rights

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I’ve blogged previously about the Britt and Whitaker cases. Britt held that a particular convicted felon retained his right to bear arms under the state constitution, and that G.S. 14-415.1 — which purports to prohibit all felons from possessing firearms — was unconstitutional as applied to him. Whitaker rejected a similar claim made by another convicted felon and made clear that Britt was an exceptional result, driven by the fact that  the plaintiff in Britt had committed a single, non-violent felony many years earlier, and had since remained completely out of trouble.

Rather than wait for the courts to accumulate case law about which felons are entitled to possess guns and which are not, the General Assembly jumped into the issue during the just-concluded session. It enacted S.L. 2010-108, which attempts to clarify and limit the circumstances under which felons may retain or regain their gun rights. The statute appears to be consistent with the thrust of Britt and Whitaker, although I am sure that it will be challenged by someone who falls outside its scope.

My colleague John Rubin has drafted the following excellent summary of the legislation, for those interested in a bit more detail. I grateful for his willingness to share it:

[The law] [a]mends various statutes, described below, to allow people convicted of certain felonies to apply for restoration of the right to possess firearms and to create an exception from the firearm restrictions for certain white collar criminal convictions. Provides that changes become effective February 1, 2011, and apply to offenses committed on or after that date. Also directs North Carolina Attorney General, effective July 20, 2010, to request the U.S. Department of Justice and other federal agencies to review these changes and determine whether a person who qualifies under them may purchase and possess a firearm under federal firearms restrictions.

New G.S. 14-415.4 contains the new restoration procedures. The new statute gives the responsibility for hearing restoration petitions to the district court in the district where the person resides. New G.S. 14-415.4(i) states that restoration does not constitute an expunction or pardon, and G.S. 14-415.4(l) states that the knowing and willful submission of false information is a Class 1 misdemeanor and permanently bars restoration of firearm rights.

The initial prerequisite for restoration is that the person must have no more than one conviction for a “nonviolent felony,” which does not include any Class A, B1, or B2 felony or any Class C through I felony that involves an assault as an essential element, possession or use of a firearm or deadly weapon as an essential or nonessential element, or other specified circumstances. Multiple nonviolent felony convictions arising out of the same event and consolidated for sentencing count as one felony. A person is ineligible for restoration for various reasons listed in the statute, including having been adjudicated guilty of or having received a prayer for judgment continued or a suspended sentence for one or more misdemeanor crimes of violence or other listed misdemeanors. To obtain restoration, the person must have had their civil rights restored for at least 20 years, which typically occurs automatically under G.S. 13-1 following a person’s completion of all incidents of his or her sentence. The new statute also states that a person who was convicted of a nonviolent felony in another jurisdiction is eligible for restoration if his or her civil rights, including the right to possess a firearm, have been restored for at least 20 years in the other jurisdiction; this provision may inadvertently make the waiting period for restoration of firearm rights in North Carolina considerably longer for people with convictions from other jurisdictions because they may not be able to obtain restoration of their firearm rights in the other jurisdiction for some time after their citizenship rights have been restored there. New G.S. 14-415.4 establishes other criteria a person must satisfy to obtain restoration of firearm rights, such as a one-year period of residency in North Carolina.

The act amends G.S. 14-415.1 (possession of firearm by a felon) to provide that a convicted felon whose firearm rights have been restored is not subject to the prohibition in that statute; similarly, the act amends G.S. 14-404(c) (handgun permits) and G.S. 14-415.12(b) (concealed handgun permits) to provide that people whose firearms rights have been restored are eligible to obtain the indicated permits if they meet the other criteria for issuance. The act also amends the above statutes to exempt from the firearms restrictions felony convictions pertaining to antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, or restraints of trade. People convicted of these felonies do not need to apply for restoration of their firearms rights (unless convicted of other nonviolent felonies); the changes exempt them from the firearms restrictions.

152 comments on “New Legislation Regarding the Restoration of Felons’ Gun Rights

  1. I was convicted of possession of marijuana for sales I was sentenced for 6 month 18 years ago now that I live in Texas can I purchase a handgun..

  2. my conviction was in California 18 years agoI had no guns knives just a young kid selling marijuana

  3. I was convicted of selling a small amount of marijuana 40 years ago. I’ve been legally voting since the election of Jimmy Carter. I live in Missouri, and the case was in Missouri. Where do I stand in regard to gun ownership? Thank you.

  4. How long do you have to wait to get rights back to own or buy a firearm is it 20 years I heard 10 years if some one knows about north carolina please email me back thanks.

  5. I was charged under the convictiom felon laws for having a 1905 shot gun witch is a very old gun my wife father had I was rabbet hunting with it my crime happen in 1994 when I got out of prison the offer told me I could hunt with this gun and now I,m charge with this crime afther 7 years it is not right to keep pucthing me I,m 58 years old I do not have 20 years left I have not been no trought at all I work whrn I can find a job that will hire felons please help .

  6. I think California needs to address persons with violent intention or acted crimes when they remove ones right to hold a firearm. California only wants to increase their conviction rate by making non-violent persons guilty for accusations punishable by imprisonment. That’s one of the little ways California justifies paying prison guards top $$$$’s for “watching dangerous criminals”. California can take that criminal offense and shove it where the guards keep there spouses (in the closet). I will keep my knives, spears and long range string propelled devices right next to my 7mm b-action sniper rfl! you come for my gun and I’ll see and stop you from getting within 800 yards.

  7. i was convicted of several felonys in state or oregon for unlawful use of motor vechicle its been 12 years how long or what do i have to do to own a firearm

  8. I had a 2nd degree felony in 1985 in Iowa I now live in florida have been here for 6 months,how or can I get my rights to carry a firearm in the state of florida,if so how dose one go about doing so. any body know? it was a none violent crime.

  9. I was convicted of a class I felony Non violent in 2000 i remember the judge giving me back my guns ,then telling me N.C. doesn’t take away civil Rights. I know the law change in 2010 but can’t find anything for year 2000 can you help clear this up.

  10. My husband was convicted of poss of marijuana and thift by receiving one in Missouri and the other in Arkansas the last one was in 2005 what if any step can he take to get his civil rights back.

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